Skip to main content

What to choose and what to avoid in Diabetes?


Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus is defined as a chronic condition characterized by hyperglycemia: a state in which blood glucose level of the body is abnormally elevated. This is resulted due to partial or complete lack of insulin production by the beta cells of the pancreas.

According to WHO globally 347 million people have diabetes. Whereas Pakistan is the 7th largest country in terms of diabetes and it will become the 4th largest country in the year 2030. Really an alarming situation!

The pancreas is responsible for the production of insulin and it works as a key in the regulation of blood sugar levels. When you eat simple glucose, insulin is released by the Pancreas, it is attached to it and moves on to the cell surface where insulin receptors are present. The presence of insulin make these receptors active thus glucose is entered to the cells for the energy generation. This is the normal picture but in diabetes due to the absence of insulin cells receptors are unable to activate that results in increasing glucose levels in the bloodstream.

There are two types of diabetes


Type I diabetes in which the production of insulin by Pancreas is reduced or diminished. It is due to the autoimmune response of the body. It is diagnosed before the onset of 35 years.

Type II diabetes which is caused due to lack of physical inactivity, inappropriate diet, and increased weight. In this type of diabetes, insulin is sufficiently produced by the cells ability to uptake glucose is impaired. It is prevailing more than 90% than the Type I diabetes.
Selection of Diet during Diabetes


Nutrition counseling by the dietitian plays an important role in the management of diabetes. People should be made aware about the disease and the dietary management as it is an important measure for improving knowledge and diabetic status of the patients and thus help them to live the full life despite diabetes. Thus for this purpose, it is our responsibility to guide people about the selection of diet for diabetics.

Foods to Avoid in Diabetes

  • Table sugar/Sugary foods 
  • Commercial foods 
  • Bakery Products, confectioneries, desserts, and ice-cream. 
  • High glycemic index fruits ( Mango, Grapes, Dates, Banana, Lychee, Melon, Figs, Green/Black Mulberry, Pineapple) 
  • Chocolates, Energy bars 
  • Carbonated Beverages 
  • Some vegetables such as Potato, Colocasia (Kachalu), Turnip, Sweet Potato and Beetroot. 
  • Certain Dry fruits ( Dried Figs, Raisins, Black Currents, Dried Mulberry) 
  • Fatty Meals such as fried foods, Fat-tailed sheep meat, Red Meat, Organ Meat) 
  • One pot cooked Rice 
  • Cream, Full-fat milk/yogurt 
  • Refined foods 
  • Canned foods 
  • Fruit juices, Smoothies. 

Foods to Choose eat in Diabetes

  • Whole Grains 
  • Cereals and Legumes 
  • Fresh Vegetables 
  • Green Leafy Vegetables 
  • Eggs 
  • Poultry 
  • Lean Meat including Fish and Mutton (2-3 times a week) 
  • Fresh Fruits (Apples, Peaches, Apricots, Oranges, 1-2 Strawberries, 1 -2 slices of Water Melon, Plum, Guava, Pomegranate, Avocado) 
  • Milk and milk products (non-fat) 
  • Boiled rice (Water drained, 1-2 times a week) 

Remember that!

Selection of Portion size should be controlled. Overeating should be avoided. Along with Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner, in between them small meals should be planned.
 According to Carbohydrates Exchange List, 15 grams of carbohydrates (from allowed sources) should be in the diet in every meal to avoid hypoglycemia.


During Fasting Nutritionist considerations should be followed. Management of Diabetes During Fasting.


Points to follow during Diabetes

Along with dietary management overall management of diabetes also include:
  • Physical activities, walk and exercise to prevent obesity and overweight which is a risk factor for diabetes. 
  • Regular glucose monitoring should be made possible by providing glucometer to the diabetic patients so that they can be aware of their blood sugar level. 
  • If insulin therapy or oral medication is recommended by the doctor, the dose should be taken on time. 
  • Visit endocrinologist should be plan every month. 
  • Personal care, hygiene, and foot care should be done to prevent complications of diabetes. 
  • Avoid Smoking. 

One Day Menu Plan For Diabetics:

Breakfast

  • 2 Slices Brown Bread
  • 1 poached egg
  • 1 cup of Tea (without sugar)

Snack Time

1 Bowl of Chick pea chat

Lunch

  • Channa Daal bhary Karely
  • Spinach raita
  • Fresh /salad without dressing ( Including Tomato, Cucumber, Onion Rings)
  • Whole wheat chapati
  • 1 Peach

Tea Time

  • 1 cup Tea
  • 1-2 Home Baked Whole wheat zeera biscuits

Dinner

  • Black Grilled Fish/Chicken with saute vegetables (Capsicum, Carrot, Cabbage)
  • Boiled Rice 
  • Mint Raita

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Legalization Of Marijuana : Why Marijuana Should be Legalized?

The legalization of marijuana is a controversial issue all over the world. Peoples are confused about its uses. It is not always easy to research on its health effects and to answer the people about its effects on their health when they use it as a drug. We know that marijuana has also its good effects when it is used as a chemical agent in some medicines. But here we have to discuss the legalization of marijuana. In a survey that was conducted in America in 2014, 43% people were in favor of the legality of marijuana and according to 65% people, it would be legalized in next 10 years.
Marijuana has legitimate medical effects
The discussion about marijuana as a harmful drug has been dominant for a long period that a large number of people had trouble to accept its demonstrated medicinal effects. The opinion of people on the legalization of marijuana has dramatically shifted in last two decades. This year some states passed a law permitting epilepsy patients to use strains of marijuana h…

Best Mouth Freshener Spray 2017 - Buyer's Guide and Reviews

Does your mouth stink like garbage or rotten eggs? 
Bad smell not only makes you feel embarrassed but make people go away from you. It's inevitable after a drinking party or barbecue night.  Yes! it's natural. But this doesn't mean we can't anything for it. Our mouth is full of bad and bad bacteria. They feed on the food we eat, mucus and the dead cells of our mouth. Bad bacteria produce foul smell inside our mouth when they decompose the food for themselves. This smell inside our mouth is usually the by-products of the food they decomposed. Some foods and Drinks also produces smell in your breath like alcohol.
59% of men and 70% of women said they won't date with the partner has bad breath This is the reason why only Americans spent billions of dollars on mouth freshers only.  There are several home remedies for breath freshness. But if you are looking for any mouth freshener buy online then this buyer's guide with top breath fresheners in 2017 is for you.
We han…

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Natural Treatment

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common Endocrine system disorder among women. PCOS is a condition that prevents the ovaries from working properly. In which a woman’s levels of the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are unbalanced. 
This is the major cause of the growth of ovarian cysts (benign masses on the ovaries).These ovarian cysts are egg-containing follicles that have not developed correctly as a result of this a number of hormonal abnormalities. PCOS is a major health problem, affecting an estimated 1 in every 5 women of childbearing age. Symptoms Of Polycystic Ovary SyndromeSymptoms of PCOS will vary from women to women, not all women will have all of the symptoms. Each symptom can vary from mild to severe. Common symptoms include: PCOS is the leading cause of infertility in the female. Difficulty in getting pregnant due to a lack of ovulation or in some cases repeatsmiscarriages.Half of the women will face weight gain problems and Obesity, difficulty in managing weight…